Kids Corner

Know About National Flag

Our national flag is our pride. It is a symbol of our ideology, it expresses sacrifices of our freedom fighters, and it tells what kind of people we are. Mahatma Gandhi said ‘A flag is a necessity for all nations.’  In fact, our national flag symbolizes our identity. What do you think? When a sports person sings the national anthem and our tricolour flag is flying high, how do you feel?  Our heart becomes full of pride and joy, doesn’t it?

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In this discussion a description of our flag is needed. Our national flag was adopted on July 22, 1947. It was designed by Pingali Venkayya. It is rectangular in shape. Its dimension is in the ratio of 2:3 and cloth material is khadi cotton or silk. Our flag consists of three bands of colours: saffron colour on the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom. These three bands of colours are of equal width. There is a wheel in the centre of the white colour band. The wheel has 24 spokes and its colour is navy blue. The wheel was taken from the Asoka pillar – the Lion Capital. But this is only a physical description of our flag.

In the year of 1921, Gandhiji first proposed for a national flag to the Indian national congress. At first there was a spinning wheel at the centre of the flag. It symbolises Gandhiji’s dream of making India a self-dependent nation which will produce her own resources. Later this flag was modified. Our flag has been modified several times.

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Some other pictures of early versions of the national flag are given below along with the present tricolour flag:

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A history of struggle, a history of tears, misery, and history of loss of lives and livelihood, all of these things together gave birth to our national flag. So, keeping all of these things in mind our national leaders gave to us the shape of our national flag. It reflects the nature of the people of this great nation, which is India.

All the three colours of our flag have their own distinct implications.  Each colour of the flag represents the Indian culture, its greatness, and the beliefs of countrymen.  On the top of the flag, the colour saffron represents the devotion, sacrifice and freedom from materialism. In other words this colour indicates renunciation. Our first vice president, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, was a great philosopher and teacher, later becoming the second president of India, said that our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and must dedicate themselves to their works.

According to him, the white colour in the middle is for light, the path of good to guide our conduct. This colour stands for truth, peace, purity, and harmony.

Radhakrishnan described the colour green as our relation to the plant life, our relation to the soil, on which all life depends. Another view is that it refers to the youth and energy.

He signified Ashoka Chakra in the centre of the white colour as the wheel of the law of Dharma. According to him truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag. Again the wheel denotes motion. That means, we will always move forward, we will accept the changes for right cause, for prosperity, for goodness. The white strip and Ashoka Chakra together also stand for respect to other religion.

On auspicious days, we celebrate by flag hoisting. On the Independence Day, or the Republic day flag hoisting ceremony is held in many schools, colleges and many other institutions. Because National flag is synonymous to our country’s independence.  Singing the National anthem while our National flag is flying high, that is proud moment for all citizens.

Rules or Protocol of displaying our National Flag

  • The national flag should be displayed upright, keeping saffron strip on the top.
  • No other flag or emblem should be placed either above the national flag or to right side of the flag.
  • All other flags are to be placed to the left side of the national flag.
  • When the national flag is carried out in a procession or in a parade, it shall be in the marching right or in front of the centre of the line, if there is line of other flags.
  • Normally the national flag should be flown over important government buildings like Rashtrapati bhawan,  the parliament house, the supreme court of India,  the high courts, the secretariats, the commissioner’s  office etc.
  • The national flag or any imitation of it may not be used for purpose of trade, business or profession.
  • National flag should always be taken down in the evening at the time of sunset.

The entire people of the nation should know and maintain these protocols. Because we should show our respect to our National flag under any circumstances. If anyone disobeys these protocols, it is punishable by law. Also one should protest if somebody disobeys them and should inform concerned authority about the incident. As a citizen of India, it is our duty.

Our national flag reminds us of our freedom fighters. We are enjoying our freedom at the cost of their life, their sacrifices. So the national flag always makes us feel proud, brings a feelings of glory in our mind. We must respect our tricolour flag. Salute to our flag. Jai Hind.

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Susmita Dasgupta

Susmita is a trained, veteran primary school teacher. She loves to teach and to make learning exciting for children. One of her great passions in life is to create in her students a curiosity about life and all its accompanying mysteries.

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